Types of Hair Loss
Updated: May 11
Hair loss, or alopecia, can take many different forms and have many different underlying causes. Here are some of the most common types of hair loss:
Androgenetic alopecia: This is the most common form of hair loss, affecting both men and women. It is caused by genetic factors and hormonal imbalances and typically results in the gradual thinning of the hair on the top of the head.
Telogen effluvium: This type of hair loss occurs when more hairs than normal enter the shedding phase of the hair growth cycle. It can be triggered by a variety of factors, including stress, illness, medication, hormonal changes, and nutritional deficiencies.
Alopecia areata: This is an autoimmune disorder that causes the body's immune system to attack hair follicles, resulting in patchy hair loss on the scalp and other parts of the body.
Traction alopecia: This type of hair loss is caused by excessive pulling or tension on the hair, often due to tight hairstyles such as braids, ponytails, or weaves.
Trichotillomania: This is a compulsive disorder in which a person feels the urge to pull out their own hair, often resulting in patchy hair loss.
Scarring alopecia: This is a rare type of hair loss that is caused by scarring of the hair follicles, often due to a skin condition such as lupus or lichen planus.
Anagen effluvium: This type of hair loss occurs when hairs in the anagen (growth) phase of the hair growth cycle are prematurely shed, often due to chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
Drug-induced hair loss: Certain medications, such as antidepressants, blood thinners, and chemotherapy drugs, can cause hair loss as a side effect.
It is important to identify the underlying cause of hair loss in order to determine the most appropriate treatment. Treatment options may include medications, topical treatments, hair transplants, Alma TED Treatments and cosmetic solutions like scalp micro pigmentation or hair systems. In some cases, lifestyle changes such as stress reduction, improved nutrition, or changes to hair care practices may also be helpful. A dermatologist, or hair loss specialist can help you determine the best course of action based on your individual needs.